Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Agricultural Journal
Year: 2017  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 10

Household’s Vulnerability to Climate Change Among Farmers in Meatu and Iramba Districts, Tanzania

Nyangas A. James and Chingonikaya E. Emanuel    

Abstract: Understanding how the farming households are affected by climate change is important in formulating policies to strengthen household’s adaptive capacity which are instrumental in poverty reduction and increasing food security. This manuscript analysed farming household’s vulnerability to climate change in Iramba and Meatu districts. A cross sectional design was used whereby data were collected from 183 randomly selected households from 3 villages, 2 from Meatu District and one from Iramba District. Data analysis was based on indices constructed from selected indicators for exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. The indicators were weighted using principal component analysis. Inter-district analysis of the vulnerability index shows that there was no significant difference in household vulnerability on based districts. However, on exposure, the results shows that Iramba was highly significant (p = 0.001) compared to Meatu. Generally, occurrence of drought contributed positively to the household’s vulnerability due to the impact of climate change. According to the absolute value of the weights, occurrence of natural disaster such as drought contributes more to the exposure index compared to other indicators. Based on the results it can be concluded that, vulnerability of the framing households in the study area is low. Involvement of the household on non-farm income generating activities and unreliable rainfall were the most important determinants of a household’s vulnerability. In addition, the impact of climate change on the study areas included the loss of lives, decline of both animal and crop production and loss of household properties such as damage to houses. Therefore, it is recommended that to improve the capacity of farming households there is need to improve adaptive indicators such as improving the irrigation facilities in the local area. Similarly, creating opportunities for non-farm income to reduce the extensive dependence of the community on natural resource based livelihoods.

Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
  Related Articles

No Article Found
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility