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Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 42  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 230 - 235

The location of endogenous wild-type p53 protein in 293T and HEK293 cells expressing low-risk HPV-6E6 fusion protein with GFP

L Sun, X Shen, Y Liu, G Zhang, J Wei, H Zhang, E Zhang and F. Ma    

Abstract:

The mechanism underlining human papillomaviruses (HPVs) causing cancer has been studied extensively, and it was concluded that the high-risk HPVs' E6 targeted and degraded tumor suppressor protein p53, leading to infected cells malignant transformation. In contrast, the low-risk HPVs only cause proliferative but non-invasive lesions of infected epithelia. Therefore, we hypothesized that low-risk HPVs' E6 might interact with p53 in a different pattern. We used a mammalian green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression system to express HPV-18E6 and HPV-6E6 fusion proteins in wild-type (wt) p53 cell lines, 293T and HEK293 cells, to investigate the traffic and location of E6s and p53. The results indicated GFP-18E6 was mainly expressed in nucleus, whereas GFP-6E6 was expressed exclusively in cytoplasm. Endogenous wt p53 was shown to be localized in the nuclei of cells transfected with GFP-18E6. Interestingly, for the first time, we observed that p53 was trapped in the cytoplasm and never translocated into the cell nuclei transfected with GFP-6E6. In conclusion, HPV-6E6 was responsible for the cytoplasmic localization of p53. Therefore, our experiments provide a new insight into the pathogenesis of HPV.

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