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Mutagenesis
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 24  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 303 - 308

Is habitual alcohol drinking associated with reduced electrophoretic DNA migration in peripheral blood leukocytes from ALDH2-deficient male Japanese?

Y Lu and K. Morimoto    

Abstract:

Alcohol drinking-derived acetaldehyde is believed to cross-link DNA and induce sister chromatid exchanges in peripheral blood lymphocytes. However, little population data are available to illustrate effects of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde on DNA migration as assayed by the comet assay in peripheral lymphocytes. In the present study, we investigated lifestyle behaviours, including alcohol consumption, in 150 Japanese males by questionnaire, determined their aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) family genotypes by polymerase chain reaction and measured the DNA migration in peripheral blood leukocytes by the alkaline comet assay. The results showed that habitual alcohol drinking is significantly negatively associated with DNA migration in peripheral blood leukocytes (r = –0.321, P = 0.005) of ALDH2-deficient, but not of ALDH2-proficient genotypes (r = 0.048, P = 0.683). The amount of pure alcohol consumed per time by the subjects showed a similar phenomenon (r = –0.257, P = 0.025 for the ALDH2-deficient, but r = –0.061, P = 0.606 for the ALDH2-proficient genotype). Further stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that alcohol drinking frequency was a significant predictor of DNA migration for subjects with ALDH2-deficient genotype, but not for subjects with ALDH2-proficient genotype. In summary, the present result suggests that frequent alcohol drinking is significantly associated with a reduced electrophoretic DNA migration in peripheral blood leukocytes from ALDH2-deficient male Japanese subjects.

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