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Blood

Year: 2009  |  Volume: 113  |  Issue: 23  |  Page No.: 5829 - 5838

IFN-{lambda}1 (IL-29) inhibits GATA3 expression and suppresses Th2 responses in human naive and memory T cells

J Dai, N. J Megjugorac, G. E Gallagher, R. Y. L Yu and G. Gallagher

Abstract

IFN-1 (IL-29) plays a novel, emerging role in the inhibition of human Th2 responses. Here, we demonstrate that both naive and memory human CD4+ T cells express mRNA for the IFN-1–specific receptor, IL-28R, and are responsive to IFN-1. Expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-13) was suppressed in naive and memory CD4+ T cells by IFN-1, without affecting their proliferation. Further, acquisition of IL-4R expression after stimulation was inhibited by IFN-1, as was GATA3 expression. Finally, IFN-1 diminished the change in cell-surface phenotype that accompanies differentiation of "central memory" T cells into "effector memory" T cells. Taken together, our data describe unique immunomodulatory effects of IFN-1 and identify novel mechanisms for the reduction of existing Th2 responses and the regulation of new ones, in circulating naive and memory CD4+ T cells.

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