Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Research Article

Ficus carica Linn.-An Overview

Research Journal of Medicinal Plants: Volume 5 (3): 246-253, 2011

Vikas V. Patil and Vijay R. Patil

Abstract

Ficus carica Linn. (Moraceae) is a deciduous tree, which grows in tropical and subtropical regions of India and is commonly known as fig tree. In traditional medicine the roots are used in treatment of leucoderma and ringworms and its fruits which are sweet, have antipyretic, purgative, aphrodisiac properties and have shown to be useful in inflammations and paralysis. Ficus carica is claimed to be useful in liver and spleen disorders, to cure piles and in treatment of gout. Locally the leaves are being used in the treatment of jaundice. Charka gave the paste of figs in prescriptions, also as cooked vegetable, emaciation and debility, as a diuretic in urinary stones. Sushrusha included the fruit in a medicated clarified butter for internal use in fever, consumption, asthma, epilepsy and insanity. The present review is therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of the literature in on its pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, traditional and pharmacological uses.

How to cite this article:

Vikas V. Patil and Vijay R. Patil, 2011. Ficus carica Linn.-An Overview. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants, 5: 246-253.

DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2011.246.253

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjmp.2011.246.253

References

Agabeili, R.A. and T.E. Kasimova, 2005. Antimutagenic activity of Armoracia rusticana, Zea mays and Ficus carica plant extracts and their mixture. Tsitol. Genet., 39: 75-79.
PubMed

Aksoy, U., D. Anac, H.H. Hakerlerler, M. Du-Zbastılar and Y.S.I. Germencik, 1987. Nutritional status of fig orchards in germencik region and relationships between investigated plant nutrients and some yield components and quality. Taris¸ AR-GE, Project No.006, Bornova-I˙zmir, Turkey.

Aksoy, U., H.Z. Can, S. Hepaksoy and N. Sahin, 2001. Fig Cultivation. TARP Turkey Agricultural Research, Izmir, Turkey.

Anonymous, 1999. The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products. Vol. 4, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.

De Amorin, A., H.R. Borba, J.P. Carauta, D. Lopes and M.A. Kaplan, 1999. Anthelmintic activity of the latex of Ficus species. J. Enthnopharmacol., 64: 225-258.
CrossRefPubMedDirect Link

Gilani, A.H., M.H. Mehmood, K.H. Janbaz, A.U. Khan and S.A. Saeed, 2008. Ethnopharmacological studies on antispasmodic and antiplatelet activities of Ficus carica. J. Ethnopharmacol., 119: 1-5.
CrossRefPubMedDirect Link

Gond, N.Y. and S.S. Khadabadi, 2008. Hepatoprotective activity of Ficus carica leaf extract on rifampicin-induced hepatic damage in rats. Indian J. Pharm Sci., 70: 364-366.
PubMedDirect Link

Jeong, W.S. and P.A. Lachance, 2001. Phytosterols and fatty acids in fig (Ficus carica, var. Mission) fruit and tree components. J. Food Sci., 66: 278-281.
Direct Link

Kang, S.K., D.O. Chung and H.J. Chung, 1995. Purification and identification of antimicrobial substances in phenolic fraction of fig leaves. J. Korean Agric. Chem. Soc., 38: 293-296.
Direct Link

Khadbadi, S.S., N.Y. Gond, N.B. Ghiware and G.R. Shendarkar, 2007. Hepatoprotective effect of Ficus carica leaf in chronic hepatitis. Indian Drugs, 44: 54-57.
Direct Link

Khare, C.P., 2004. Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants Rational Western Therapy, Ayurvedic and other Traditional Usage, Botany. Springer, USA., ISBN-13: 9783540200338.

Kirtikar, K.R. and B.D. Basu, 1989. Indian medicinal plants. Periodical Experts Book Agency, Delhi, India, pp: 1-2791.

Kirtikar, K.R. and B.D. Basu, 1996. Indian Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed., Indian Press, Allahabad, pp: 61-62.

Laughlin, W., 1963. Primitive theory of medicine: Empirical knowledge. N.Y. Acad. Med. Monogr., 4: 116-140.

Louis, P., P. Patrick, M. Andre, B.J. Marie, F. Andre and J.R. Paul, 2000. Bergapten content in fig leaves. Ann. des Falsifications de Expertise chimiqui et toxicologique, 93: 427-435.

Mavlonov, G.T., K.A. Ubaidullaeva, M.I. Rakhmanov, I.Y. Abdurakhmonov and A. Abdukarimov, 2008. Chitin-binding antifungal protein from Ficus carica latex. Chem. Nat. Compounds, 44: 216-219.
CrossRef

Mohan, G.K., E. Pallavi, B.R. Kumar, M. Ramesh and S. Venkatesh, 2007. Hepatoprotective activity of Ficus carica Linn. leaf extract against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. DARU., 15: 162-166.
Direct Link

Nadkarnim, K.M. and A.K. Nadkarni, 1995. Indian Material Medica. 3rd Edn., Popular Prakashan, Bombay, India, pp: 545-547.

Perez, C., J.R. Canal and M.D. Torres, 2003. Experimental diabetes treated with Ficus carica extract: Effect on oxidative stress parameters. Acta Diabetol., 40: 3-8.
PubMed

Perez, C., J.R. Canal, J.E. Campillo, A. Romero and M.D. Torres, 1999. Hypotriglyceridaemic activity of Fiscus carica leaves in experimental hypertriglyceridaemic rats. Phytother. Res., 13: 188-191.
Direct Link

Ram, P.R. and B.N. Malhotra, 1989. Indian Medicinal Plants. Central Drug Research Institute, New Delhi.

Rubnov, S., Y. Kashman, R. Rabinowitz, M. Schlesinger and R. Mechoulam, 2001. Suppressors of cancer cell proliferation from fig (Ficus carica) Resin: Isolation and structure elucidation. J. Nat. Prod., 64: 993-996.
CrossRefPubMedDirect Link

Saeed, M.A. and AW. Sabir, 2002. Irritant potential of triterpenoids from Ficus carica leaves. Fitoterapia, 73: 417-420.
PubMed

Satyavati, G.V. and A.K. Gupta, 1987. Medicinal plants of India. New Delhi ICMR., 2: 272-278.

Satyavati, G.V., M.K. Raina and M. Sharma, 1976. Medicinal Plants of India. Vol. 1, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India.

Serraclara, A., F. Hawkins, C. Perez, E. Dominguez, J.E. Campillo and M.D. Torres, 1998. Hypoglycemic action of an oral fig-leaf decoction in type-I diabetic patients. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract., 39: 19-22.
CrossRef

Solomon, A., S. Golubowicz, Z. Yablowicz, S. Grossman and M. Bergman et al., 2006. Antioxidant activities and anthocyanin content of fresh fruits of common fig (Ficus carica L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 54: 7717-7723.
CrossRefPubMedDirect Link

Vikas, V.P., S.C. Bhangale and V.R. Patil, 2010. Evaluation of anti-pyretic potential of Ficus carica leaves. Intern. J. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2: 48-50.
Direct Link

WHO Expert Committee Diabetes Mellitus, 1980. Definition and diagnosis and treatment of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia. WHO., Tech. Report Series No. 646.

Wang, G., H. Wang, Y. Song, C. Jia, Z. Wang and H. Xu, 2004. Studies on anti-HSV effect of Ficus carica leaves. Zhong Yao Cai, 27: 754-756.
PubMed

Watt, J. and C. Wood, 1988. Talking Health: Conventional and Complementary Approaches. Royal Society of Medicine, London.

Weiping, Y., C. Hongming, W. Tianxin and C. Mengshen, 1997. A new coumar in compound with anticancer activity. Zhongcaoyao, 28: 3-4.

Weiping, Y., C. Hongming, W. Tianxin and C. Mengshen, 1997. Research on the chemical structure and anticancer activity of 9,19-cyclopropane-24,25ethyleneoxide-5-en-3β-spirostol. Chinese J. Med. Chem., 7: 46-47.
Direct Link

Youngken, H.W., 2003. Natural Drugs: Morphologic and Taxonomic Consideration. 2nd Edn., Kessinger Publishing, Delhi.