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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 331-349
 
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Arsenic Contamination in Irrigation Water for Rice Production in Bangladesh: A Review

Christopher O. Akinbile and A.M.M. Haque

Abstract:
About 150 million people are exposed to Arsenic contamination in the World with the largest percentage coming from Asia especially Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. Also, an estimated 30 million people drink water from Arsenic-contaminated Shallow Tube Wells (STWs) and approximately 900,000 STWs are used in irrigating 2.4 million out of 4 million ha under irrigation in Bangladesh, mainly paddy fields. This has led to the accumulation of As in paddy soils and potentially have adverse effects on rice yield and quality. The present study reviews the damaging effects of As-contaminated irrigation water in rice production especially in South and South East Asia. The study highlights the causes of arsenic contamination in irrigation water, health and dietary hazards of rice consumers and its derivatives. The study suggested remedial measures from aerobic rice production to Phytoremediation for mitigating Arsenic contamination in food especially, As-free rice production and sustainable livelihoods.
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How to cite this article:

Christopher O. Akinbile and A.M.M. Haque, 2012. Arsenic Contamination in Irrigation Water for Rice Production in Bangladesh: A Review. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 7: 331-349.

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2012.331.349

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