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Science International
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 371-374
 
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Pharmacokinetics of Cefpirome Following Intravenous and Intramuscular Administration in Cow Calves

R.B. Patel, S.K. Bhavsar, P.F. Solanki, J.H. Patel, R.D. Varia, D. Modi Falguni and M.D. Patel

Abstract:
Background: Cefpirome is a broad-spectrum semi synthetic β-lactamase resistant fourth generation cephalosporin. Looking to potential for clinical use, pharmacokinetics of cefpirome following intravenous and intramuscular administration (10 mg kg-1) in cow calves was determined. Methods: Cefpirome concentration in plasma samples was determined by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography with mobile phase. The mobile phase was a mixture of 0.2 M sodium acetate (3.5%), acetronitrile (17.5%) and HPLC water (79%) with a pH of 5.1. Mobile phase was filtered by 0.45 μ filters and pumped into column at a flow rate of 1.0 mL min-1 at ambient temperature. The effluent was monitored at 258 nm wavelength. Results: Following intravenous administration of the cefpirome in goats, volume of distribution at steady-state (Vdss), elimination half-life (t1/2β) and total body clearance (ClB) were reported 0.33±0.01 L kg-1, 2.41±0.23 h and 2.36±0.18 mL min-1 kg-1, respectively. Following intramuscular administration of the drug, peak plasma concentration (Cmax), elimination half-life (t½β), apparent volume of distribution (Vdarea), total body clearance (ClB), bioavailability (F) were 13.27±0.19 μg mL-1, 3.61±0.12 h, 0.81±0.007 L kg-1, 2.83±0.08 mL min-1 kg-1 and 61±1%, respectively. Conclusion: Pharmacokinetic – pharmacodynamics integration indicates cefpirome can be useful in cow calves at dose rate of 10 mg kg-1 and repeated at interval of 12 h by intramuscular route.
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How to cite this article:

R.B. Patel, S.K. Bhavsar, P.F. Solanki, J.H. Patel, R.D. Varia, D. Modi Falguni and M.D. Patel, 2013. Pharmacokinetics of Cefpirome Following Intravenous and Intramuscular Administration in Cow Calves. Science International, 1: 371-374.

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=sciintl.2013.371.374

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