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Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-10
DOI: 10.3923/rjet.2018.1.10
 
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Toxicity of Traditional, Novel and Bio-insecticides and Their Mixtures Against House Fly Musca domestica in Relation to Some Biochemical Activities

Manal Abdel-Raouf Abdel-Mageed Abdel-Razik

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Problems caused by organosynthetic insecticides on the environment and non-target organisms has stimulated the use of natural products as an alternative pest control strategy, these natural products have a lower persistence in the environment and therefore, are considered environmentally and toxicologically safer than several of the currently used organosynthetic pesticides. This study was conducted in order to reduce the use of pesticides by mixing chemical insecticides with plant extracts, vegetable oils or microbial insecticides which considered safer to human and environment. Materials and Methods: The experiments were conducted in Toxicology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Menoufia University. The insecticides applied as sugar bait method. The data was statistically analyzed using (one-way ANOVA) one way direction by F-test at LSD 5% probability. Results: Most of tested mixtures showed high synergistic effect on house fly adults. The five selected mixtures which recorded the highest synergistic effect achieved significant decrease in total proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, also in α and β-esterase and AChE activity. Conclusion: The quantity of pesticides can be reduced, reduced the environmental pollution, costs and achieve safety control of house fly by using mixtures of chemical insecticides with plant oils, plant extracts and microbial insecticides. It could be recommended that, using the promising mixtures which achieved higher synergistic effect as a component in integrated management programs and integrated resistance management strategies of M. domestica.
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How to cite this article:

Manal Abdel-Raouf Abdel-Mageed Abdel-Razik , 2018. Toxicity of Traditional, Novel and Bio-insecticides and Their Mixtures Against House Fly Musca domestica in Relation to Some Biochemical Activities. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology, 12: 1-10.

DOI: 10.3923/rjet.2018.1.10

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2018.1.10

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