Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 60-67
DOI: 10.3923/rjet.2016.60.67
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Effect of Acid and Alkaline Pretreatment on the Production of Biosurfactant from Rice Husk Using Mucor indicus

Obinna A. Oje, Victor E. Okpashi , Jane C. Uzor, Ugochukwu O. Uma, Anthony O. Irogbolu and Ikechukwu N.E. Onwurah

Abstract:
This study was designed to determine the effect of acid and alkaline pretreatment of rice husk on the production of biosurfactant using Mucor indicus. Rice husk was pretreated at 120°C in a mineral nutrient medium at variable pH of 2, 7 and 12. The media were adjusted to pH7 after pretreatment to provide suitable environmental pH for microbial growth. Mucor indicus isolated from the rice husk dump site was used to inoculate the pretreated rice rusk media and the set-up was allowed to stand for 28 days with intermittent shaking. At the expiration of 28 days, the broth was filtered and centrifuged to remove all suspended cells. The cell free broth was collected for the extraction of biosurfactant using a mixture of chloroform/methanol at ratio 2:1 (mixture/broth). The results revealed that the biosurfactants yield were 0.59±0.078, 0.40±0.042 and 0.78±0.050 g in 100 mL of broth for pH 2, 7 and 12 pretreated rice husk, respectively. The biosurfactants produced showed highest emulsification index for automotive gas oil and lowest for premium motor spirit. The results also suggested that the biosurfactants produced have glycolipids properties. Therefore, it will be correct to suggest that for the conversion of rice husk into useful material such as biosurfactant, the heat pretreatment should be carried out at an alkaline pH.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Biosurfactants in Pharmaceutical Industry (A Mini-Review)
How to cite this article:

Obinna A. Oje, Victor E. Okpashi, Jane C. Uzor, Ugochukwu O. Uma, Anthony O. Irogbolu and Ikechukwu N.E. Onwurah, 2016. Effect of Acid and Alkaline Pretreatment on the Production of Biosurfactant from Rice Husk Using Mucor indicus. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology, 10: 60-67.

DOI: 10.3923/rjet.2016.60.67

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2016.60.67

COMMENTS
20 June, 2020
Nourelhouda KRAIFI:
Good morning
I have a question for the unite you are used in this paper because I found in the abstract (g/100ml) and in the results (mg/ml), so please whitch is the correct unite
I'm still waiting for your answer
cordially
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom