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Research Journal of Environmental Sciences
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 270-279
DOI: 10.3923/rjes.2015.270.279
 
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Cardiovascular Risks and Impaired Lipid Metabolism in Asymptomatic Petroleum Depot Workers in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria

Anthony Cemaluk C. Egbuonu, Daniel C. Nkwazema and Lawrence U.S. Ezeanyika

Abstract:
The health concerns about working in a petroleum depot without wearing a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) warranted this study. The anthropometric, lipid profile and blood pressure status were assessed by standard methods in asymptomatic adult male depot workers (n = 64) and male university students (n = 64), in Calabar metropolis, Nigeria. The concentration (mmol L-1) of total cholesterol (5.21±0.90), triacylglycerol (1.23±0.20) and very low density lipoprotein (0.56±0.19) respectively in the serum of the depot workers were significantly (p<0.05) higher than in the control (5.09±0.04, 1.15±0.04 and 0.52±0.09). The body weight (73.75±0.11 kg), height (1.72±0.1 m) and body mass index, BMI, (24.58±0.73 kg m‾2) of the depot workers were higher (p>0.05) than that of the control. The Blood Pressure (BP) of the exposed group (120/90±1.38 mmHg) and the control (120/80±1.14 mmHg) differed only in the Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) by 10 mmHg and in the calculated systolic to diastolic blood pressure ratio (SBP:DBP) by 0.17. The study suggested cardiovascular risks and impaired lipid metabolism in the petroleum depot workers. The health implications of this study warrant a follow up perhaps, in a larger population and sample size. The study underscored the need for the petroleum depot workers to wear personal protective equipment and to assess their health status on a regular basis.
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How to cite this article:

Anthony Cemaluk C. Egbuonu, Daniel C. Nkwazema and Lawrence U.S. Ezeanyika, 2015. Cardiovascular Risks and Impaired Lipid Metabolism in Asymptomatic Petroleum Depot Workers in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 9: 270-279.

DOI: 10.3923/rjes.2015.270.279

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjes.2015.270.279

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