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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 22 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-7
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2019.1.7
 
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Leaves of Moringa, Rosemary and Olive as a Phytogenic Feed Additives in Muscovy Duck diets

M.O. Abd- Elsamee, M.R. Ibrahim, Mona M. Hassan and Eman S. Ashmawy

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Alternative sources of natural ingredients such as herbs or phytogenic plants have beneficial effects which are used as feed supplements or medicines in poultry. The current research objective was to investigate the influence of using phytogenic plants as feed additives on Muscovy ducklings performance. Materials and Methods: A total number of 315 of 14 days old Muscovy ducklings were divided randomly into 7 experimental groups, each group was allocated into three replicates. The experimental treatments were arranged in one way classification by using three sources of phytogenic plants being Moringa oleifera leaves meal (MLM), Rosmarinus officinalis leaves meal (RLM) and Olea europaea leaves meal (OLM) with two levels of plant addition (1 or 2%) compared to the commercial diet (control). The experimental diets were formulated to be iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous. Feed and water were offered ad libitum from 14 up to 70 days old. Results: Data showed that phytogenic plants did not affect negatively growth performance of ducklings but improved gain compared to the control group. The highest value of live body weights (4185 g) was recorded for diet that supplemented with 1% MLM at 70 days old while, the lowest weight recorded for diet supplemented with 2% OLM being 3507 g compared to the control. A significant decrease in FI (g/bird) was noticed for treatment groups during the interval and the whole experimental periods compared with control group. Conclusion: Ducklings fed diet supplemented with phytogenic plants recorded the highest values of feather, carcass, heart, liver and gizzard (%) compared to the control group.
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How to cite this article:

M.O. Abd- Elsamee, M.R. Ibrahim, Mona M. Hassan and Eman S. Ashmawy, 2019. Leaves of Moringa, Rosemary and Olive as a Phytogenic Feed Additives in Muscovy Duck diets. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 22: 1-7.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2019.1.7

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2019.1.7

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