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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 20 | Page No.: 1104-1112
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1104.1112
 
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Investigation of Biogas Production and its Residue with Fertilization Effect from Municipal Waste

Soo-Tueen Bee, Manikam Nithiyaa, Lee Tin Sin, Tiam-Ting Tee and A.R. Rahmat

Abstract:
This study was aimed to investigate the production of methane gas from three different types of food waste (vegetables waste, fruit waste and grain waste) using batch type anaerobic digestion method. The digestion process was conducted by using temperature range of 27 to 36°C and pH 6.5 to 7.5 to yield an optimum condition for the digestion process. The digestion was continued for a period of two weeks with the aid of cow dung as the inoculums. It was found that the grain waste yielded the highest methane 2546 mL due to the high content of carbohydrate. At the mean time, the fruit waste produced the second highest methane gas with 2000 mL as well as the vegetable waste generated the lowest methane gas with volume of 1468 mL. The vegetable waste produced the lowest methane gas because the vegetables waste contains high fibres and cellulose walls but low in glucose amount. For the fertilization test, fruit waste demonstrated the best observation for the growth of plant due to high content of potassium and followed by vegetable waste. The least effective fertilizer was grain waste due to less content of nutrients essential for plants growth.
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How to cite this article:

Soo-Tueen Bee, Manikam Nithiyaa, Lee Tin Sin, Tiam-Ting Tee and A.R. Rahmat, 2013. Investigation of Biogas Production and its Residue with Fertilization Effect from Municipal Waste. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1104-1112.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1104.1112

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1104.1112

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