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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 13 | Page No.: 613-620
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.613.620
 
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Soil Nutrients and Liming on Dry Weight Yields and Forage Quality of Signal Grass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.), Grown on Korat Soil Series (Oxic Paleustults) in Northeast Thailand

Suradej Pholsen

Abstract:
This experiment was carried out at Khon Kaen University Experimental Farm, Khon Kaen University, Thailand during the 2004-2005 aiming to investigate effect of phosphorus (P) and dolomite levels on dry weight yields (DWYs) and forage quality of Signal grass. A 4x3 factorial arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used. Four P levels were: 0, 100, 200 and 400 kg P2O5 ha-1 and three dolomite levels were: 0, 625 and 2,500 kg ha-1. The Signal grass plants were grown on Korat soil series, (Oxic Paleustults). A quadrat with a dimension of 50x50 cm was used for grass yield harvests. Crude Protein (CP), Acid Detergent Fibre (ADF), Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) and Dry Matter Degradability (DMD) contents were determined. Tissues phosphorus and calcium contents were also analysed. The results showed that an increase in dolomite levels increased soil pH from 4.4 to 5.1 for levels 1 and 3, respectively. An increase in P levels increased available soil P from 4.56 to 28.38 ppm for levels 1 and 4, respectively. For the first year experiment, dolomite levels had no significant effect on DWYs, whilst P levels significantly increased but only up to level 2. The 2-year average DWYs reached 11,368 kg ha-1 for level 4 of P. With the first year rainy season harvests, P levels had its significant effect on ADF and DMD up to level 2 but not with CP and NDF. For the dry season harvests, P and dolomite levels had no significant effects on forage quality. Dolomite levels had no significant effect on P and Ca contents of the Signal grass tissues but an increase in P levels increased P contents. P and Ca contents, in most cases, were higher for the dry season than the rainy season.
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How to cite this article:

Suradej Pholsen , 2010. Soil Nutrients and Liming on Dry Weight Yields and Forage Quality of Signal Grass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.), Grown on Korat Soil Series (Oxic Paleustults) in Northeast Thailand. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 613-620.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.613.620

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2010.613.620

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