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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 526-536
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.526.536
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Risk Factors Determination on UGIB Patients in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

A. Noraini, H.J. Zainodin and L.B. Rick

One of the common causes of medical emergencies in Malaysia is the Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (UGIB). This bleeding comprises of two types, namely, the variceal bleeding and the non-variceal bleeding. Although, UGIB has been frequently researched in general, not much reference has been done with regard to the specific factors that affect the type of bleeding. Hence, this research aims at determining these factors via a Multiple Binary Logit (MBL) approach based on the patients’ information obtained from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Kota Kinabalu. From the twenty-eight independent variables, three are quantitative would be analyzed, while twenty-five are qualitative would be transformed into dummy variables. Four phases in a model-building approach are executed to obtain the best model. The three qualitative variables (age, systolic blood pressure and Blatchford score) have interacted with the other dummy variables to affect the type of bleeding on the patients. The main contributing factors to the type of bleeding are identified as Race, Blood Urea Nitrogen and Medical Shock since they require no interactions with the other variables in the models.
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How to cite this article:

A. Noraini, H.J. Zainodin and L.B. Rick, 2013. Risk Factors Determination on UGIB Patients in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Medical Sciences, 13: 526-536.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.526.536


21 June, 2013
Shahar Hassan:

1. Like to see higher order interaction variables play a significant role in the bets model obtained.
2. Possible work on the optimum value of the correlation coefficient value in order to remove a variable from a model.
Keep it up.




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