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Research Journal of Microbiology
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 23-37
DOI: 10.3923/jm.2006.23.37
 
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Campylobacter: An Emerging Pathogen

M. Baserisalehi , N. Bahador and B.P. Kapadnis

Abstract:
During the past decade Campylobacter has been shown to be responsible for enteritis in human and animal. The natural habitats of most Campylobacter species are the intestines of birds and other warm-blooded animals. These organisms may enter the environment, including drinking water, through the feces of animals, birds or infected humans. Campylobacter survive in aqueous environment for several weeks at temperature around 4°C and may enter the human food chain at slaughter of the animals. Although, many methods and media have been developed for detection of the Campylobacter from various samples, universally accepted methods and media are not available yet. Milk, mushrooms, hamburger, pork, shellfish and eggs are vehicles of Campylobacter however, most Campylobacter enteritis acquired by the consumption and handling of poultry. The sensitivity of Campylobacter to heat, acidic pH, food preservatives and irradiation must be considered as plus points to prevent of Campylobacter transmission to human beings. On the other hand, the antibiotic resistant character of Campylobacter is a negative point for control of Campylobacter infection in developed and developing countries. Campylobacter is usually causes a self-limited illness, but in more severe cases of gastroenteritis, antibiotics are usually begun before culture results are known. Nowadays, antibiotics such as erythromycin and ciprofloxacin have been recommended for treatment of campylobacteriosis however, resistance to these antibiotics has been rising.
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How to cite this article:

M. Baserisalehi , N. Bahador and B.P. Kapadnis , 2006. Campylobacter: An Emerging Pathogen. Research Journal of Microbiology, 1: 23-37.

DOI: 10.3923/jm.2006.23.37

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jm.2006.23.37

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