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Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2004 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 405-412
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2004.405.412
 
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Antibacterial and Antifungal Survey in Plants used in Indigenous Herbal-Medicine of South East Regions of Iran

G.H. Shahidi Bonjar , S. Aghighi and A. Karimi Nik

Abstract:
Methanol plant-extracts of 221 species from 98 families which had documented uses in Iranian herbal-medicine were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activity against 11 standard bacterial strains and 3 fungal species at 20 mg mlG1. Eighty one samples in 39 families showed antibacterial and/or antifungal activity against at least on one of the tested microorganisms. Antimicrobial activities were evaluated by measuring the diameter of inhibition zones in agar well diffusion method. Dianthus coryophyllus was active against all tested G-ve and G+ve bacteria except Micrococcus luteus. Most susceptible G-ve bacteria were Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bordetella bronchiseptica and least susceptible was Escherichia coli. In G+ve bacteria, most and least susceptible were Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus luteus, respectively. Plants with high antifungal activity included Alpinia officinarum, Chrozophora verbasafalia, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Dianthus coryophyllus, Helleborus nigra, Heracleum persicum, Myrtus communis, Terminalia chebula and Trachysermum copticum which were effective mostly against Candida albicans and C. utilis.
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How to cite this article:

G.H. Shahidi Bonjar , S. Aghighi and A. Karimi Nik , 2004. Antibacterial and Antifungal Survey in Plants used in Indigenous Herbal-Medicine of South East Regions of Iran. Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 405-412.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2004.405.412

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2004.405.412

COMMENTS
26 January, 2012
Dr. Armin Kousha:
In the most of refrences and published articles the Hogweed plant (H.persicum) called as Apiaceae family not Umbelliferae family but no diferences with those families as well. just for more information
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