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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 1371-1382
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.1371.1382
 
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Rapid Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Jalal N. Al-Dabbeek and Radwan J. El-Kelani

Abstract:
Studies of historical and recorded earthquakes in Palestine demonstrate that damaging earthquakes are occurring frequently along the Dead Sea Transform: Earthquake of 11 July 1927 (ML 6.2), Earthquake of 11 February 2004 (ML 5.2). In order to reduce seismic vulnerability of buildings, losses in lives, properties and infrastructures, an attempt was made to estimate the percentage of damage degrees and losses at selected refugee camps: Al Ama’ri, Balata and Dhaishe. Assessing the vulnerability classes of building structures was carried out according to the European Macro-Seismic Scale 1998 (EMS-98) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The rapid assessment results showed that very heavy structural and non structural damages will occur in the common buildings of the investigated Refugee Camps (many buildings will suffer from damages grades 4 and 5). Bad quality of buildings in terms of design and construction, lack of uniformity, absence of spaces between the building and the limited width of roads will definitely increase the seismic vulnerability under the influence of moderate-strong (M 6-7) earthquakes in the future.
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How to cite this article:

Jalal N. Al-Dabbeek and Radwan J. El-Kelani, 2008. Rapid Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability in Palestinian Refugee Camps. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8: 1371-1382.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.1371.1382

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2008.1371.1382

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