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Journal of Agronomy
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 146-152
DOI: 10.3923/ja.2013.146.152
 
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Effects of Poultry Manure and Plant Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Waterleaf (Talinum fructicosum (L.) Juss)

Aniefiok Effiong Uko, Idorenyin Asukwo Udo and John Okoko Shiyam

Abstract:
Population density of a crop determines to a greater extent its performance in terms of growth and yield. The production of crop with organic fertilizer also plays a vital role in organic agriculture today. A study was conducted at Calabar, Nigeria to determine the effects of poultry manure and plant spacing requirement for optimum water leaf (Talinum fructicosum) production. The trial was a 3x5 factorial arranged in a randomized complete block design. Treatments included three levels of Poultry Manures (PM); 0, 5 and 10 t ha-1 and five plant spacing namely; 3x5, 5x5, 5x8, 5x10 and 10x10 cm. These were replicated three times. PM at 10 t ha-1 significantly increased plant height, number of leaves, leaf area, fresh and dry weights of waterleaf compared with the other levels. However, 10 t ha-1 PM significantly increased the number of leaves in 2009 only. Plants with wider spacing (10x10 cm) grew taller, had more leaves besides having broader leaves. The fresh and dry weights were also significantly increased at close spacing (3x5 cm) when compared to wider spacing (10x10 cm). Wider spacing tended to increase the vigour of plants whereas close spacing gave higher fresh and dry weight. Moreover, waterleaf planted at spacing of 3x5 cm and which received 10 t ha-1 of poultry manure had significant higher fresh and dry weights above those in other treatment combinations. Therefore planting waterleaf at 3x5 cm and the application of 10 t ha-1 PM is recommended for optimum yield of waterleaf.
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How to cite this article:

Aniefiok Effiong Uko, Idorenyin Asukwo Udo and John Okoko Shiyam, 2013. Effects of Poultry Manure and Plant Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Waterleaf (Talinum fructicosum (L.) Juss). Journal of Agronomy, 12: 146-152.

DOI: 10.3923/ja.2013.146.152

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ja.2013.146.152

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