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International Journal of Zoological Research
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3-4 | Page No.: 40-46
DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2016.40.46
 
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Investigation of Natural Plant Aegle marmelos Essential Oil Bioactivity on Development and Toxicity of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Bhuwan Bhaskar Mishra, S.P. Tripathi and C.P.M. Tripathi

Abstract:
Background: The uncontrolled use of synthetic chemicals is a great hazard for the environment and consumers. Methodology: In the present study, essential oil from leaves of Aegle marmelos was isolated by hydro-distillation and tested their insecticidal activity against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Results: The results showed that the essential oil of A. marmelos have fumigant toxicity, oviposition and developmental inhibitory activity against T. castaneum. The percentage mortality increased with increasing exposure time and concentration. The median lethal concentration (LC50) of A. marmelos essential oil at 48 h was 14.172 and 17.752 FL against larvae and adults of T. castaneum, respectively. The essential oil significantly reduced oviposition (F3,20 = 304.734) in adults and also reduced pupation (F3,20 = 137.442) and adult emergence (F3,20 = 225.619) in larvae when fumigated with sub-lethal concentration. The percent grains infection was reduced 83.66% at 60% of sub-lethal concentration of 24 h LC50. Fumigation of insect with sub-lethal concentration of A. marmelos essential oil inhibited AChE activity. Reduction in AChE activity was 81.48 and 54.32% of the control, after 24 h of fumigation with sub-lethal concentration. Conclusion: In conclusion, this essential oil probably induces toxicity in insect by inhibiting AChE activity.
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
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How to cite this article:

Bhuwan Bhaskar Mishra, S.P. Tripathi and C.P.M. Tripathi, 2016. Investigation of Natural Plant Aegle marmelos Essential Oil Bioactivity on Development and Toxicity of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). International Journal of Zoological Research, 12: 40-46.

DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2016.40.46

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijzr.2016.40.46

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