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International Journal of Zoological Research
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 207-212
DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2007.207.212
 
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Perstans Filariasis in Rural Communities of the Lower Cross River Basin Nigeria: Parasitological Observations

N.I.G. Udoidung, I.E. Braide, K.N. Opara and H.A. Adie

Abstract:
The study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence and microfilarial density of Mansonella perstans filariasis in 6 rural communities of the Lower Cross River Basin, Nigeria. Parasitological examination of 829 consenting subjects was carried out between January and November, 2002. Data collected was stratified by community, age and sex and analysed using the chi-square test. Overall, 131 (15.8%) of the subjects were infected with microfilariae of M. perstans. Prevalence varied significantly (p<0.05) within the communities (range 3.7-33.5%). Infection was significantly (p<0.05) higher in females (21.2%) than in males (12.1%) and occurred in all age groups with highest prevalence of (30.0%) in subjects within the age group of 21-40 years. The microfilarial density increased with age, reaching a peak (31.90 mf/50 μL blood) in persons within the age bracket of 21-40 years. The overall geometric mean density was 21.63 mf/50 μL blood and it was significantly (p<0.05) higher in males (28.24 mf/50 μL blood) than in females (15.02 mf/50 μL blood). In view of the fact that M. perstans has been implicated in the aetiology of many diseases, its infection could no longer be ignored.
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How to cite this article:

N.I.G. Udoidung, I.E. Braide, K.N. Opara and H.A. Adie, 2007. Perstans Filariasis in Rural Communities of the Lower Cross River Basin Nigeria: Parasitological Observations. International Journal of Zoological Research, 3: 207-212.

DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2007.207.212

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijzr.2007.207.212

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