Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
International Journal of Soil Science
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 218-226
DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2006.218.226
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Changes in Water Quality of Ground Water, Irrigation Return Flow due to Canal Water and Lithology in Hirakud Command of Orissa, India

R.B. Singandhupe, J. Patnaik and Ashwani Kumar

Abstract:
The major objectives of the project is to assess lithology of bore wells, impact of canal irrigation water on ground water regimes, water quality of return flow and bore well/plezameters wells and assessment of crop water demand and supply during crop season. The lithological data of 27 bore well/piezometer showed that top layer up to 10 m depth is brown to light brown in colour and crystalline in texture. Beyond this depth it is highly weathered rock, hard rocks and granite and the colour is grey to deep grey. Such type of features resulted in to very low water discharge rate i.e 0.16 to 1.62 l/sec within 35 to 45 m bore well depth. On an average of 27 bore wells, pH of bore well water was 8.25 in pre-monsoon and 8.30 in post monsoon period. Overall the quality of irrigation water was good and was suitable for irrigation as well as domestic use. The concentration of total alkalinity, hardness, calcium, magnesium increased in post monsoon period over pre-monsoon period but reverse was the trend with carbonate concentration. High and positive correlation of pH with carbonate was found. Correlation coefficient of total hardness with calcium, magnesium, chloride was positive and highly significant. Similarly very high correlation of alkalinity with calcium and magnesium indicated higher concentration of its carbonate and bicarbonate salts in ground water.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Development of Automatic Stopper Device for Commonly used Centrifugal Pumps in Egypt
How to cite this article:

R.B. Singandhupe, J. Patnaik and Ashwani Kumar, 2006. Changes in Water Quality of Ground Water, Irrigation Return Flow due to Canal Water and Lithology in Hirakud Command of Orissa, India. International Journal of Soil Science, 1: 218-226.

DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2006.218.226

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijss.2006.218.226

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom