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International Journal of Botany
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 414-423
DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2010.414.423
 
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Updated Estimates of Wild Edible and Threatened Plants of Assam: A Meta-analysis

Hemen Sarma, Amit Kumar Tripathi, Souravjyoti Borah and Devendra Kumar

Abstract:
The study reports the ethnobotany and threats to wild edible plants in Assam province of India, which is considered as a mega-biodiversity centre under two important biodiversity hotspots viz., Indo-Burma and Himalaya. The people living in remote/forest area still depend upon to a great extent on the indigenous system of medicine/cultivation. Here, we summarize the information derived through meta-analysis and present an updated estimate of the wild edible, medicinal and threatened plant species that has been reported by wide variety of taxonomic groups. Out of 3895 plant species nearly 7.34% were used as wild vegetables, fruits and ethno-medicines. In over all, 286 edible wild plant species estimated belong to 93 families and 192 genera are hitherto unknown or less known to the world. Of these, 150 species were reported to be used in traditional system of medicine. The estimates revealed that as many as 27 species were in the list of red data book, CITIES and IUCN red list threat categories due to over exploitations and these plants need a strong conservation and protection management.. In the present investigation, the work that has been reported and the potential of ethno-botanical studies with particular reference to biodiversity conservation of the important wild edible plant species have been highlighted in study area.
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How to cite this article:

Hemen Sarma, Amit Kumar Tripathi, Souravjyoti Borah and Devendra Kumar, 2010. Updated Estimates of Wild Edible and Threatened Plants of Assam: A Meta-analysis. International Journal of Botany, 6: 414-423.

DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2010.414.423

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijb.2010.414.423

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