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Ecologia
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-9
DOI: 10.3923/ecologia.2019.1.9
 
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Environmental Implications, Properties and Attributes of Crude Oil in the Oil-producing States of Nigeria

Edokpolor Osazee Ohanmu , Sunday Paul Bako , Erhunmwunse Ohanmu and Osayuwame Osaretin Ohanmu

Abstract:
In Nigeria, oil exploitation occurs in the Niger Delta region which is one of the world's largest wetlands and includes by far the largest mangrove forest in Africa with a biological diversity of global significance. The study aimed in creating a synergy between the environment, farming system and crude oil sector with the need of government to implement feasible policies that will protect the health of all for a sustainable ecosystem. This review was achieved by using the online archives and personal interactions. The high demand for and use of petroleum and its derivatives worldwide has made petroleum hydrocarbon contamination a global problem with serious health and environmental consequences. One of the environmental challenges posed by oil pollution is the alteration in the physical and chemical nature of the soil which subsequently affects the growth of plants. Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination may affect plants by retarding seed germination and reducing height, stem girth, photosynthetic rate or resulting in complete mortality. In this review, relevance of crude oil in Nigeria and its environmental implication to the ecosystem was highlight.
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How to cite this article:

Edokpolor Osazee Ohanmu, Sunday Paul Bako, Erhunmwunse Ohanmu and Osayuwame Osaretin Ohanmu, 2019. Environmental Implications, Properties and Attributes of Crude Oil in the Oil-producing States of Nigeria. Ecologia, 9: 1-9.

DOI: 10.3923/ecologia.2019.1.9

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ecologia.2019.1.9

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