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Current Research in Chemistry
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 60-67
DOI: 10.3923/crc.2012.60.67
 
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Synthesis and Characterization of Nano Crystalline Tin(IV) Oxide from Tin(II) Chloride Using Combined Microwave and Traditional Calcinations Procedures

Sudha Parimala, S. Christina Selin, A. Gnanamani and A.B. Mandal

Abstract:
Today, simple, cost effective and efficient methods are needed to prepare promising nano sized metal oxides. The aim of our study was to prepare nano crystalline tin oxide with higher surface area and less agglomeration from a cheaper precursor with modification of the reported methodologies followed by its characterisation. Tin oxide was synthesised from tin(II) chloride by sol-gel method followed by the combined microwave pre calcinations for five minutes and traditional calcinations at 400°C for 2 h. The X ray diffraction patterns of the calcined product showed the formation of high purity tetragonal tin(IV) oxide with the crystallite size in the range of 14 to 16 nm as calculated by Sherer method. The lattice strain was calculated by Williamson-Hall method and found to be 0.33 percent. The lattice parameters were also calculated. The crystalline product also showed good morphology with meagre agglomeration as illustrated by TEM micrographs. Ultimately the study provided a viable and energy efficient synthetic route for nanocrystalline tin(IV) oxide which finds immense applications.
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How to cite this article:

Sudha Parimala, S. Christina Selin, A. Gnanamani and A.B. Mandal, 2012. Synthesis and Characterization of Nano Crystalline Tin(IV) Oxide from Tin(II) Chloride Using Combined Microwave and Traditional Calcinations Procedures. Current Research in Chemistry, 4: 60-67.

DOI: 10.3923/crc.2012.60.67

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=crc.2012.60.67

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