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Asian Journal of Scientific Research
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 287-301
DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2011.287.301
 
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Proliferation of Gully Erosion in the Submontane Punjab, India

Inam ul Rasool, K.L. Khera and Fahima Gul

Abstract:
The Submontane of Punjab in India is more prone to gully erosion. The present study was carried out to study the proliferation of gully erosion in the Submontane Punjab India district Hoshiarpur and falling in the agro-climatic zone locally known as kandi area. The main objectives were to study the characteristics and patterns of gullies in submontane Punjab India, three micro catchments designated as catchment I, II and III with different shape, size and topography were selected. They were surveyed for proliferation of gully erosion in respect to its extent and distribution. Spot studies in the region show severity of gully erosion in all the catchments with dominant U-shaped gullies. The distribution of different ordered gullies indicates that the first order gullies dominated in all the catchments as compared to other orders in each catchment. The number of gullies decreased with increased order. The mean length of the gullies in general increased with increasing order of the gullies. Directly draining gullies were the initiative gullies and showed a great variation of severity of erosion. Based on gully length large gullies having size greater than 10 m long dominated in all the catchments but maximum in catchment III followed by catchment I and catchment II. Based on depth of medium (1-5 m deep) gullies were dominating in all the catchments except in catchment III. Very high correlation exists between mean length and order of the gullies besides continuous increment in texture and density of the gullies indicate that there is severity of gully erosion. So concept of gully initiation and its development should be kept in mind to find the appropriate solutions to check proliferation of gully erosion.
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How to cite this article:

Inam ul Rasool, K.L. Khera and Fahima Gul, 2011. Proliferation of Gully Erosion in the Submontane Punjab, India. Asian Journal of Scientific Research, 4: 287-301.

DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2011.287.301

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2011.287.301

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