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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 119-129
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2008.119.129
 
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Autecology and Phytochemistry of Genus Amaranthus in the Nile Delta, Egypt

M.E. Abu Ziada, E.F. El-Halawany, I.A. Mashaly and G.F. Masoud

Abstract:
The present study deals with the ecology and phytochemistry of three Amaranthus species, namely: Amaranthus graecizans, A. lividus and A. viridis. The components of weed vegetation in the present investigation are classified by cluster analysis into four groups: group A is codominated by Amaranthus graecizans and Portulaca oleracea, group B is codominated by Amaranthus lividus and Cynodon dactylon, group C is codominated by Alternanthera sessilis and Echinochloa crus-galli and group D is codominated by Aster squamatus, Conyza bonariensis and Paspalum disticum. The ordination of the sampled stands applied by Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA) indicated that, the recognized vegetation groups are markedly distinguishable and having a clear pattern of segregation on the ordination planes. Also, the application of the Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) showed that, soil texture, porosity, water-holding capacity, bicarbonate, sodium, soil reaction (pH), organic matter and electrical conductivity are the most effective soil variables which correlate with the distribution and abundance of weed vegetation in the study area. The seed germination under different levels of salinity, light, temperature and humidity is studied for the three investigated species. Phytochemically, the mean values of moisture, ash, total nitrogen, protein, total lipids, soluble sugars, glucose, sucrose, polysaccharides and total carbohydrates were determined. The elementary analyses together with qualitative and quantitative analyses of 16 amino acids were also carried out in the investigated plant species.
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How to cite this article:

M.E. Abu Ziada, E.F. El-Halawany, I.A. Mashaly and G.F. Masoud, 2008. Autecology and Phytochemistry of Genus Amaranthus in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 7: 119-129.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2008.119.129

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2008.119.129

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