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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 27-37
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2014.27.37
 
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Production of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) Intercropped with Field Grown Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

Mohamed F. Mohamed, Dalia M.T. Nassef, Esmat A. Waly and Amira M. Kotb

Abstract:
Few studies have been reported on outdoor production of oyster mushroom as intercrop and to our knowledge, no information is available for its intercropping with field grown faba bean. Therefore, the present field trial was conducted to assess outdoor production of Pleurotus ostreatus and P. columbinus interplanted with faba bean (Vicia faba L.). The mushrooms were interplanted at three different developmental stages of faba bean plants (flowering/pod setting, pod setting/early seed filling and pod development/seed filling stages). Data for basidiocarp yield revealed superiority of P. ostreatus over P. columbinus for all interplanting treatments. P. ostreatus produced higher basidiome yield when placed within faba bean rows at flowering/pod setting or at pod setting/early seed filling stages. The biological efficiency of P. ostreatus ranged from 29-45%. However, P. columbinus produced its highest basidiocarp yield when placed between faba bean plants at pod setting/early seed filling stage. P. columbinus showed biological efficiency in the range of 12-28%. In addition to its higher basidiocarp yield, P. ostreatus consistently developed harvestable basidiocarps earlier than P. columbinus. An increase of 27%, on average, was detected in faba bean dry seed yield when grown with mushroom intercrop compared to its sole cultivation. This study suggests a feasible integration of non conventional mushroom crop in the higher plant crop production system towards securing food availability while improving income of small farmers. Here, it is recommended to utilize P. ostreatus mushroom placed in faba bean field at flowering/pod setting stage to pod setting/early seed filling stage.
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
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How to cite this article:

Mohamed F. Mohamed, Dalia M.T. Nassef, Esmat A. Waly and Amira M. Kotb, 2014. Production of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) Intercropped with Field Grown Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science, 6: 27-37.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2014.27.37

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2014.27.37

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