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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 48-61
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2015.48.61
 
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Comparative Cytogenetic Study of Garole and Bonpala Breeds of Sheep

M.A. Ravichandran, M. Saminathan, A. Arun Prince Milton, K. Dhama, C. Suresh, K. Jeeva and S.K. Misra

Abstract:
Cytogenetic studies in domestic animals are gaining more importance because of their genetic implications to breeding programmes. The present study describes the chromosome profile and morphometric characteristics of Garole and Bonpala sheep and comparison of chromosomes between males, females and between breeds. The Karyotype revealed diploid chromosome number of 54 (2n) in both breeds and sexes. The first three pairs of autosomes were bi-armed, submetacentric and remaining 23 pairs were acrocentric. The X-chromosome was acrocentric and largest and Y-chromosome was the smallest, biarmed and metacentric. The morphometric analysis showed significant variation in mean relative length of 13th chromosome pair of Garole and Bonpala males and significant variation in the arm ratio of 2nd chromosome pair of females and variation also noticed in almost all the pairs of chromosomes but not up to the level of significance. The mean relative length of autosomes of Garole and Bonpala male ranged from 1.39±0.05 to 11.45±0.15 and 1.48±0.06 to 11.69±0.25 percentage, respectively. The mean relative length of X-chromosome of the males was 5.66±0.15 and 5.83±0.17, respectively while the Y-chromosome length was 1.20±0.02 and 1.27±0.06, respectively. The mean relative length of autosomes of the females ranged from 1.43±0.06 to 10.80±0.20 and 1.42±0.04 to 11.42±0.36, respectively. The mean relative length of X-chromosome of Garole and Bonpala female was 5.51±0.13 and 5.61±0.15, respectively. The mean arm ratio of first 2 pairs of autosomes of Garole male was higher than Bonpala male while the 3rd pair was higher in Bonpala males. The mean arm ratio of first 3 pairs of autosomes of Garole female was higher than Bonpala female. The present study for the first time compares the cytogenetic profile between Garole and Bonpala sheep breeds.
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How to cite this article:

M.A. Ravichandran, M. Saminathan, A. Arun Prince Milton, K. Dhama, C. Suresh, K. Jeeva and S.K. Misra, 2015. Comparative Cytogenetic Study of Garole and Bonpala Breeds of Sheep. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10: 48-61.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2015.48.61

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2015.48.61

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