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Asian Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 140-149
DOI: 10.3923/ajaps.2014.140.149
 
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Extraction and Transesterification of Croton tiglium Oil Seeds From Central Kalimantan, Indonesia as an Alternative Biodiesel Raw Materials

Saputera , Muliansyah and Titin Apung Atikah

Abstract:
The depletion of petroleum-fossil based fuel reserves results in an increase in fuel prices. One of the alternatives offered is through the use of biodiesel from C. tiglium oil seed feedstock. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the optimum process conditions producing the highest extract yield and quality biodiesel C. tiglium seed. The experimental design and the analysis of optimization results use the Central Composite Design and Response Surface Method. The extraction process of C. tiglium seeds using hexane solvent showed that the best maceration time is between 6.22 days, while the ratio of material/solvent 1: 5.18 g mL-1. Therefore, the result of extract yield is 30%. The oil product quality of C. tiglium seed is good for biodiesel raw materials based on the value of density, kinematic viscosity, total glycerin, iodine and saponification.
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Low-cost Biodiesel Production
  •    Gas Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry Analysis of Indonesian Croton tiglium Seeds
  •    Characteristics, Efficacy and Safety Testing of Standardized Extract of Croton tiglium Seed from Indonesia as Laxative Material
How to cite this article:

Saputera , Muliansyah and Titin Apung Atikah, 2014. Extraction and Transesterification of Croton tiglium Oil Seeds From Central Kalimantan, Indonesia as an Alternative Biodiesel Raw Materials. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 140-149.

DOI: 10.3923/ajaps.2014.140.149

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajaps.2014.140.149

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