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Trends in Medical Research
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 72-81
DOI: 10.3923/tmr.2008.72.81
Assessment of Patient Doses Levels During X-Ray Diagnostic Imaging Using TL Dosimeters and Comparison with Local and International Levels
Mohamad Anwar K. Abdelhalim, Reuqaya O. Al-Darwish and Mohammad S. Al-Ayed

Abstract:
The aim of this research was an assessment of the patient dose levels during X-ray diagnostic imaging in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) using TLD reader and TL dosimeters and comparing the results with that obtained in local and International places. Moreover, to determine a reference radiation dose level for each human organ. Thus, the routine X-ray examinations in some human organs such as chest (AP and LAT), knee (AP and LAT), spine lumbar sacral (AP and OBL; LAT and OBL), spine cervical (AP and OBL; LAT and OBL), shoulder (AP and LAT) and mammogram (AP and OBL) of adult patients over than 18 years in KKUH were investigated. It became evident from the results of the present study that the radiation doses for chest in PA and LAT, knee in AP and LAT, spine lumber sacral in AP-OBL and LAT-OBL, spine cervical in AP-OBL and LAT-OBL and mammogram in AP and OBL positions were different in KKUH and other local places [Security Forces Hospital (SFH); King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Saudi Arabia] and International places [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); European Commission (EC); Health Physics Society (HPS); United Kingdom (UK); China; Victoria; Greece; Taiwan; Canada; Italy; Malaysia]. The reference radiation dose levels for chest in PA position and LAT projection were 0.32±0.05 mGy (Mean±SE) and 1.02±0.38 mGy, respectively. The reference radiation dose levels for knee in AP position and LAT projection were 0.28±0.02 and 0.29±0.05 mGy, respectively. The reference radiation dose level for spine lumber sacral in AP-OBL position and LAT-OBL projection were 9.19±2.69 and 21.22±3.85 mGy, respectively. The reference radiation dose levels for spine cervical in AP-OBL position and LAT-OBL projection were 2.28±1.56 and 5.79±4.85 mGy, respectively. The reference radiation dose level for mammogram in AP position and OBL projection were 1.09±0.15 and 1.34±0.21 mGy, respectively. These results suggest that the estimated mean radiation dose level for a specified human organ in different positions could be considered as a reference radiation dose level for the same human organ. Moreover, the experimental procedures, physical factors and patient data should be fixed and specified carefully during each human organ examination by X-ray.
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How to cite this article:

Mohamad Anwar K. Abdelhalim, Reuqaya O. Al-Darwish and Mohammad S. Al-Ayed, 2008. Assessment of Patient Doses Levels During X-Ray Diagnostic Imaging Using TL Dosimeters and Comparison with Local and International Levels. Trends in Medical Research, 3: 72-81.

DOI: 10.3923/tmr.2008.72.81

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tmr.2008.72.81

 
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