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Trends in Medical Research
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 95-101
DOI: 10.3923/tmr.2007.95.101
 
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Low Prevalence of Anaemia in a Cohort of Pre-School Children with Acute Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Nigeria

R.A. Umar, N.M. Jiya , M.J. Ladan , M.K. Abubakar , S.W. Hassan and U. Nata`ala

Abstract:
We surveyed for the prevalence of anaemia, by packed cell volume and haemoglobin determinations, in a cohort of 36 pre-school children with uncomplicated Falciparum malaria in Sokoto, Nigeria. By packed cell volume, 5 (3.9%) of the children were mildly anaemic, 3 (8.3%) were moderately anaemic and 28 (77.8%) were normal. As indicated by haemoglobin levels, 6.0 (16.67%) of the study children have moderate anaemia while the remaining 30 (83.3%) were normal. There was no incidence of severe anemia in the study cohort. Comparison of Hb with PCV methods for anaemia detection indicates that the latter is more efficient in detecting prevalence of anaemia in our study subjects. Peak incidence of mild anaemia occurred in the age groups 0-12 and 49-60 months, with the lowest incidence occurring in age group 37-48 months. Peak and lowest incidence of moderate anaemia occurred in the age group 13-24 and 0-12 months, respectively. Haemoglobin levels did not vary significantly among the age groups (ANOVA, F = 1.006, p = 0.4194). Although all children less than five years of age in this setting are at risk for anaemia, the age group 13-24 months should be especially monitored for anti-anaemia interventions.
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How to cite this article:

R.A. Umar, N.M. Jiya , M.J. Ladan , M.K. Abubakar , S.W. Hassan and U. Nata`ala , 2007. Low Prevalence of Anaemia in a Cohort of Pre-School Children with Acute Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Nigeria. Trends in Medical Research, 2: 95-101.

DOI: 10.3923/tmr.2007.95.101

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tmr.2007.95.101

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