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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 133-144
DOI: 10.17311/tasr.2020.133.144
 
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Elemental Composition of Whole Blood: A Potential Biomarker in the Treatment of Cardiology and Neurology Patients

Olabanji Iyabo Oluremi , Asubiojo Olabode Idowu, Akintomide Anthony, Komolafe Morenikeji Adedoyin and Adeniji Ayodeji Oluwole

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The elemental composition of the blood is significant to the health status of humans. In current study, whole blood of neurology patients, cardiology patients and healthy subjects were analyzed for elemental composition to determine the concentration levels in relation to age and gender. Materials and Methods: In this study, whole blood samples were freeze dried and screened for elemental concentration levels. Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) was used for elemental determination and quantification. Results: The results of analysis using ANOVA showed that Zn and Ca concentrations were low in the cardiology and neurology patients compared to those found in the control. Copper (Cu) concentrations were higher in the blood of cardio and in neuro-patients compared to the controls level. Selenium (Se) mean concentration was significantly higher in neurology patients (1436.21 ppm) compared with cardiology (633.57 ppm) and control (487.93 ppm). Potassium (K) was significantly high in cardiology patients compared to others. Na/K ratios were generally higher in females, Se/Zn ratio was significantly higher in female neurology and Cu/Zn ratio was significantly higher in male neurology subjects at 95% probability level. Conclusion: The study concluded that Se in neurology patients, K in cardiology patients and the metal-metal ratio values might be useful in the individual treatment of these patients.
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How to cite this article:

Olabanji Iyabo Oluremi, Asubiojo Olabode Idowu, Akintomide Anthony, Komolafe Morenikeji Adedoyin and Adeniji Ayodeji Oluwole, 2020. Elemental Composition of Whole Blood: A Potential Biomarker in the Treatment of Cardiology and Neurology Patients. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 15: 133-144.

DOI: 10.17311/tasr.2020.133.144

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2020.133.144

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