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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 125-129
DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2019.125.129
 
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Analysis of Proximate, Mineral and Toxicant Compositions of Eggs of Quail and Chicken Given Aflatoxin Contaminated Feed

Lawrence Enyioha Okonko , Ekei Victor Ikpeme, Ogbu Ugorji Udensi and Success Eni Kalu

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Eggs are consumed globally and constitute an important part of man’s diet. High nutrient content, low caloric value and easy digestion make them valuable in many therapeutic diets. This study was designed to analyze the proximate, mineral and toxicant compositions of eggs of quail and chicken given aflatoxin contaminated feeds. Materials and Methods: Sixteen mature birds were randomly divided into 4 groups (1-4) of 4 birds each. Group 1 consisted of 2 broilers and 2 layers given uncontaminated feed. Group 2 consisted of 2 male and 2 female quails given uncontaminated feed. Group 3 consisted of 2 broilers and 2 layers given aflatoxin contaminated feed. Group 4 consisted of 2 male and 2 female quails given aflatoxin contaminated feed. Birds were fed for 12 weeks and 30 eggs from each group were weighed and analyzed. Results: It was observed that tannin, hydrogen cyanide, oxalate, phytate, fat and cholesterol levels were higher in chicken egg; while in quail egg iron, sodium, phosphorus, zinc and protein levels were higher. Eggs of quail given aflatoxin contaminated feed recorded elevated fat and cholesterol levels. Aflatoxin also reduced egg weight significantly (p<0.05). Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that quail eggs are more nutritious than chicken eggs and aflatoxin is capable of reducing the quality of both egg types. Therefore, birds should be given aflatoxin-free feed.
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How to cite this article:

Lawrence Enyioha Okonko, Ekei Victor Ikpeme, Ogbu Ugorji Udensi and Success Eni Kalu, 2019. Analysis of Proximate, Mineral and Toxicant Compositions of Eggs of Quail and Chicken Given Aflatoxin Contaminated Feed. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 14: 125-129.

DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2019.125.129

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2019.125.129

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