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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 1127-1140
DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2011.1127.1140
Rice Production and Water use Efficiency for Self-Sufficiency in Malaysia: A Review
C.O. Akinbile, K.M. Abd El-Latif, Rozi Abdullah and M.S. Yusoff

Abstract:
Rice is one of the most important staple foods for the World’s population ranking third after Wheat and Maize in terms of production and consumption. Asia accounts for over 95% of global rice production with Brazil, ranked ninth as the only non-Asian nation among the World’s top ten producers. China (194.3 million tonnes) and India (148.3 million tonnes), ranked first and second, respectively are by far largest producer of rice, producing half of the World’s rice. Malaysia is currently ranked 25th with a production capacity of 2.4 million tonnes and fairly constant cultivable land of about 0.7 million hectares since the 1980s. Even though the land area for rice production has remained rather constant, rice productivity has been increasing every year from 2.1 in 1961 to 3.6 ton ha-1 in 2008 with an annual increase of 2.0% per year or about 28,000 tonnes per year. This has not in any way, guaranteed self sufficiency as over 700,000 tonnes or 30% of its rice needs were being imported from their neighboring countries annually. The study therefore, examines rice production with respect to growing population for self-sufficiency in Malaysia. This is considering past trends in rice production, water use efficiency, eating habits and prosperity level by 2015.
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How to cite this article:

C.O. Akinbile, K.M. Abd El-Latif, Rozi Abdullah and M.S. Yusoff, 2011. Rice Production and Water use Efficiency for Self-Sufficiency in Malaysia: A Review. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 6: 1127-1140.

DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2011.1127.1140

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2011.1127.1140

 
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