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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 259-272
DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2006.259.272
 
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Managing Environmental Conflicts in the Oil Producing Areas of Nigeria

O.A. Falode, K. Ogedengbe and T. Bickersteth

Abstract:
The economic dependence of Nigeria on its petroleum resources is very great considering the country`s income profile. Unfortunately, the development and distribution of these resources in the Niger Delta area creates significant environmental, social and economic impacts which have attendant effects on the water and agricultural resources, employment, income, housing, environmental quality and quality of life in the oil producing communities. Consequently, many conflicts, majorly social have arisen in the oil producing areas resulting in avoidable violence, fatalities, litigation and costly work stoppages with the attendant loss of revenue accruable from oil production. These conflicts have been unable to be resolved through the long adopted models and paradigms of conflict management. Against this backdrop, this study is therefore designed as a response and contribution towards new ways to conflict management in Africa. The study focused on the examination of the sources of conflict generation and profers solutions to the lingering crisis of the Niger Delta by adopting the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) techniques i.e., (Public Involvement and Environmental Mediation) used in the United States of America for conflict management during the siting process of hazardous waste facilities. In pursuit of this objective, the instrument of survey research has been explored. The aim is to evolve a possible outcome that offers a solution that is acceptable to all stakeholders, thereby transforming the conflict into a cooperative situation.
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How to cite this article:

O.A. Falode, K. Ogedengbe and T. Bickersteth , 2006. Managing Environmental Conflicts in the Oil Producing Areas of Nigeria. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 1: 259-272.

DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2006.259.272

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2006.259.272

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