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Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences
  Year: 2021 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-6
 
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Prevalence of Babesia Infection and Hematological Changes in Camelus dromedarius Slaughtered in Maiduguri, Borno State

Falmata Kyari, Albert Wulari Mbaya, Lawan Adamu , Samson Anjikwi Malgwi and Mohammed Kyari Zango

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Even though camels are tough animals that can adapt to the region's harsh environmental circumstances, they are susceptible to a range of diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of Babesia spp. infection in a one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) slaughtered at Maiduguri, Borno state and its effect on some haematological parameters. Materials and Methods: A total of 246 blood samples were collected from camels before slaughter and placed into serum collection vacutainers. These samples were processed at the laboratory for Babesia spp. and haematological parameters using standard techniques. Regression and student t-test was used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 16 camels were positive for Babesia spp. infection revealing a prevalence rate of 6.5%. A higher prevalence rate was recorded among the females 9 (3.66%), 95% CI = 2.81, 8.33. Based on age a significantly (p<0.05) higher prevalence rate of 12 (4.90%), 95% CI =1.94, 6.81 was recorded among the adults. Haematological changes observed between the infected and un-infected camels showed that PCV for the infected camels was (17.07±0.45) while the Hb concentration of infected camels was (6.39±0.15), whereas WBC was significantly higher (25.03±0.66) in infected camels. RBC count was significantly lower (p<0.05) in the infected group (4.29±0.15). Conclusion: The present study divulged the high prevalence of Babesiosis in the studied area, hence it is essential to establish preventive and control measures of Babesiosis in camels to enhance food security and public health issues.
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How to cite this article:

Falmata Kyari, Albert Wulari Mbaya, Lawan Adamu, Samson Anjikwi Malgwi and Mohammed Kyari Zango, 2021. Prevalence of Babesia Infection and Hematological Changes in Camelus dromedarius Slaughtered in Maiduguri, Borno State. Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 14: 1-6.

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjvs.2021.1.6

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