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Research Journal of Seed Science
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 174-180
DOI: 10.3923/rjss.2011.174.180
 
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Organic Seed Pelleting in Mustard

V. Vijaya Geetha and P. Balamurugan

Abstract:
The cry on organic farming elaborates the need of user friendly and eco friendly technique for seed management techniques. The main aim of the study is to evaluate the quality of seeds as influenced by seed pelleting. Seed pelleting is a technique of seed encapsulation with organic, inorganic nutrient, water absorbent and pesticides and it provides an opportunity to package effective quantities of materials such that they can influence the seed or soil at the seed-soil interface. Seed pelleting is mainly adopted to smaller size seed to increase the size of seed, thereby it reduces the seed rate and improve seed germination by enriching the rhizosphere region with macro and micro nutrient that trigger the vegetative growth of seedling plant in addition to the improvement in zone specific microbial activity. The seed were pelleted with botanicals (Pungam, Prosopis, Arappu and vasambu), biofertilizer (Azospirillium, phosphobacteria and Rhizobium) and filler materials like charcoal and wood ash using maida 10% as adhesive without forming any aggregates using hand operated pelletizer. Highly significant differences were noticed due to organic pelleting seed treatments for all the evaluated seed and seedling quality characters. Among the treatments, seeds pelleted with Azospirillum enhanced the germination by 13.3% over control. The seedling quality character in terms of shoot and root length, vigour index and dry matter production had been improved by 8.1, 28.6, 32.2 and 18.8%, respectively over control. Similarly field emergence also has been increased by Azosprillium treatment compared to control. This study clearly expressed that pelleting of seeds with Azospirillium enhanced the seedling vigour.
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How to cite this article:

V. Vijaya Geetha and P. Balamurugan, 2011. Organic Seed Pelleting in Mustard. Research Journal of Seed Science, 4: 174-180.

DOI: 10.3923/rjss.2011.174.180

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjss.2011.174.180

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