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Research Journal of Phytochemistry
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 75-83
DOI: 10.3923/rjphyto.2012.75.83
 
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Qualitative Analysis of the Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids from 11 Asteraceae and Boraginaceae Used in Traditional Medicine in Cote d’Ivoire
Witabouna Mamidou Kone and Brahima Kande

Abstract:
Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids (PAs) are toxic for human and livestock. Worldwide many episodes of human PA intoxications are well reported. This study aimed at assessing the presence of PAs in some Asteraceae and Boraginaceae used in traditional medicine in Cote d’Ivoire to treat various diseases such malaria, infant cure, microbial infections. TLC detection with Ehrlich reaction method of Mattocks was used to screen 11 plant species, Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae), Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.D. Adams (Asteraceae), Bidens pilosa L. (Asteraceae), Chromolaena odorata L. (Asteraceae), Erigeron floribundus (Kunth) Sch. Beep (Asteraceae), Emilia praetermissa Milne-Redh (Asteraceae), Heliotropium indicum L. (Boraginaceae), Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn (Asteraceae), Tridax procumbens L. (Asteraceae), Vernonia cinerea L. (Asteraceae) and Vernonia colorata (Willd) Drake (Asteraceae). All these plants were found to contain at least trace amount of PAs. The richest species were H. indicum, T. procumbens and V. colorata. The presence of PAs in the studied plants is an indication of people exposure to probable toxicity. This warrants assessment of risk related to the consumption of such plants in Cote d’Ivoire as medicinal herbs.
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How to cite this article:

Witabouna Mamidou Kone and Brahima Kande, 2012. Qualitative Analysis of the Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids from 11 Asteraceae and Boraginaceae Used in Traditional Medicine in Cote d’Ivoire. Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 6: 75-83.

DOI: 10.3923/rjphyto.2012.75.83

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjphyto.2012.75.83

 
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