Capparis decidua is a dominating genus of the family Capparidaceae, yet important medicinal plant of Indian Medicinal Plants. Capparis sp. are xerophytic, growing in a broad range of climatic conditions, such as dry deserts to cooler terrains of mountain either as shrubs, trees or creepers. In the traditional system of medicine, the bark has been shown to be useful in the treatment of coughs, asthma and inflammation; roots used in fever and buds in the treatment of boils. In Unani, leaves act as appetizer, helps in cardiac troubles, fruits used in biliousness. The plant is reported to contain phytochemicals including alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides and some fatty acids. In Unani, leaves act as appetizer, helps in cardiac troubles, used in biliousness; alveolaris and pyorrhea; Root bark is used as anthelmintic and purgative. The plant have significant pharmacological activities like hypercholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antidiabeti, antimicrobial, antiplaque, antihypertensive, antihelmintic and purgativ activities. The female flowers of some of the Capparis species are used as vegetable and fruits are used in pickle production because of their high nutritive ingredients like proteins, carbohydrate, minerals and vitamins. The review highlights medicinal importance of the plant Capparis decidua and unnoticed threatened status in their respective niches for sustainable use and long lasting conservation. PDFFulltextXMLReferencesCitation
How to cite this article
Baby Joseph and D. Jini, 2011. A Medicinal Potency of Capparis deciduaA Harsh Terrain Plant. Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 5: 1-13.