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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 420-431
DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2011.420.431
 
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Bauhinia purpurea Linn.: A Review of its Ethnobotany, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile

T. Kumar and K.S. Chandrashekar

Abstract:
The use of natural products as medicinal agents presumably predates the earliest recorded history. Bauhinia purpurea is a species of flowering plant is used in several traditional medicine systems to cure various diseases. This plant has been known to possess antibacterial, antidiabetic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal, anticancerous, nephroprotective and thyroid hormone regulating activity. A wide range of chemical compounds including 5,6-Dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone 6-O- β –D xylopyrano-Side, bis [3’,4’-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-7,8-furano-5’,6’-mono-methylalloxy]-5-C-5-biflavonyl and (4’-hydroxy-7-methyl 3-C-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-5-C-5-(4’-hydroxy-7- methyl-3-C-α-D-glucopyranosyl) bioflavonoid, bibenzyls, dibenzooxepins, mixture of phytol fatty esters, lutein, β-sitosterol, isoquercitin and astragalin etc. The present review discusses phyto-chemistry, pharmacology, medicinal properties and biological activity of B. purpurea and its usage in different ailments.
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How to cite this article:

T. Kumar and K.S. Chandrashekar, 2011. Bauhinia purpurea Linn.: A Review of its Ethnobotany, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants, 5: 420-431.

DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2011.420.431

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjmp.2011.420.431

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