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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 302-311
 
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Altitudinal Variation in Morpho-physiological Attributes in Plantago major : Selection of Suitable Cultivation Site

Vinay Prakash, Hemlata Bisht and P. Prasad

Abstract:
Plantago major is an important medicinal herb of temperate Himalayan region and having high market demand, which is fulfilled by the exploitation of the plant from nature. To restrict the exploitation from the nature, there is need to cultivate the plant in suitable and accessible sites. The studies were conducted to identify the most suitable cultivation sites with an aim to produce high yield and potency of the plants. For this purpose three altitudinal (550, 1800 and 2500 m asl) sites were selected and the morphological and biochemical variations were analyzed to find out the best suited cultivation sites of P. major without loosing the medicinal potential of the plant. Morphological and biochemical variation, showed a definite trend and adaptive feature along with altitudinal gradient. Percent dry matter and morphological attributes, i.e., plant height, root length, leaf length, petiole length, spike length were performed well at 1800 m asl., followed by 550 m and lowest at 2500 m altitude. Chlorophyll and carotenoid showed decreasing trend as altitude increased, the amount of soluble protein and FAA were high at 1800 and 2500 m altitude, respectively. Peroxidase and ascorbate peroxidase enzymes which were required for adaptation found in high concentration at 1800 m during acclimatization. These findings reflect that the 1800 m is the best suited altitude for commercial cultivation of this species and could not be economically viable at much higher and much lower altitude.
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How to cite this article:

Vinay Prakash, Hemlata Bisht and P. Prasad, 2011. Altitudinal Variation in Morpho-physiological Attributes in Plantago major : Selection of Suitable Cultivation Site. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants, 5: 302-311.

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjmp.2011.302.311

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