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Research Journal of Medicinal Plants
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 230-245
DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2011.230.245
The Growing Importance of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) in Agriculture, Industry, Medicine and Environment: A Review
I.P. Ogbuewu, V.U. Odoemenam, H.O. Obikaonu, M.N. Opara, O.O. Emenalom, M.C. Uchegbu, I.C. Okoli, B.O. Esonu and M.U. Iloeje

Abstract:
There has been astronomical increase in the costs of chemical fertilizers, agrochemicals, animal feeds and synthetic drugs in the developing countries, with an increasing indebtedness and acute poverty. This situation exerts enormous pressure to explore local resources, handy to combat these deficits and improve quality of life of the people. One of such available resources with great potentials in the 21st century is the neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) tree. Neem belongs to the family Meliaceae. It is the most versatile, multifarious trees of tropics, with immense potentials. It possesses maximum useful non-wood products such as leaves, bark, flowers, fruits, seeds, gum, oil and neem cake than any other tree species. Biologically neem has numerous bioactive ingredients with diverse applications. These bioactive ingredients are known to have antiallergenic, antidermatic, antifeedent, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antipyorrhoeic, antiscabic, insecticidal, larvicidal, anti-implantation, nematicidal, spermatocidal and other biological activities. This review is an attempt to assemble all the major research findings in neem which is of direct relevance to environment, industry, medicine and agriculture.
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How to cite this article:

I.P. Ogbuewu, V.U. Odoemenam, H.O. Obikaonu, M.N. Opara, O.O. Emenalom, M.C. Uchegbu, I.C. Okoli, B.O. Esonu and M.U. Iloeje, 2011. The Growing Importance of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) in Agriculture, Industry, Medicine and Environment: A Review. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants, 5: 230-245.

DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2011.230.245

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjmp.2011.230.245

 
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