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Research Journal of Cardiology
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 19-27
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Prevalence and Determinants of Obesity among Workers in Lomé (Togo)

F. Damorou, K. Yayehd, M.P. N`cho Mottoh, T. Tcherou, E. Ehlan, N.W. N`da and F. Randrianarisoa

Obesity is increasing throughout the world, particularly in low- and middle-income populations, leading to an increase of cardiovascular diseases rates, suggesting more primary prevention programs in these populations. However, there are few data on this risk factor in our country. This cross sectional survey aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors among workers in Lomé. A questionnaire was filled out on the life style and the anthropometric data and blood pressure were taken in all the respondents. Plasma total cholesterol and fasting glucose have also been measured. The prevalence of obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI)>30 kg m-2) was 30.6% and that of abdominal obesity was 39.4%. Being female (p<0.0001), low education level (OR = 2.45 95% CI: 1.78-4.55, p = 0.001) and lack of physical activity (OR = 3.57 95% CI = 2.34-9.67, p = <0.001) were the main factors significantly associated with obesity. BMI was positively correlated to age (r = 0.145, p = 0.0004), diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.10, p = 0.013) and waist circumference was positively correlated to age (r = 0.381, p<0.0001), systolic blood pressure (r = 0.289, p = 0.0001) and diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.194, p<0.0001), but there was no correlation between anthropometric data and total serum cholesterol and fasting glucose. The prevalence of obesity was high in the worker’s population of Lomé especially in female and is associated with low education level and lack of physical activity.
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How to cite this article:

F. Damorou, K. Yayehd, M.P. N`cho Mottoh, T. Tcherou, E. Ehlan, N.W. N`da and F. Randrianarisoa, 2013. Prevalence and Determinants of Obesity among Workers in Lomé (Togo). Research Journal of Cardiology, 6: 19-27.




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