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Plant Pathology Journal
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 23-30
DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2010.23.30
Incidence and Severity of Sorghum Anthracnose in Ethiopia
A. Chala, M.B. Brurberg and A.M. Tronsmo

Abstract:
A two year survey was conducted to determine incidence and severity of sorghum anthracnose in different sorghum growing regions in Ethiopia. A total of 487 fields in 49 districts were surveyed in each of the 2005 and 2007 production season. Incidence of sorghum anthracnose was assessed as the percentage of plants with visible symptoms in a field and anthracnose severity was evaluated as the percentage of leaf area with symptoms. Also, the relationship of the incidence and severity of the disease to the altitude of the fields and weather conditions were determined. Results from the 2 years survey revealed that sorghum anthracnose is present in most (84%) of the survey districts. However, both incidence and severity of the disease varied significantly (p<0.0001) among the survey areas. Anthracnose incidence ranged from 0 to 77% and severity of the disease varied between 0 and 59% on average for the two years. The two year average anthracnose severity classes ranged from trace (<5%) to severe (up to 59%) and the disease was generally more severe in the Southwest and South regions. However, some districts in the East and North Ethiopia also had fields with severe anthracnose infection. It was also found out that the prevailing weather conditions especially rainfall has a significant impact on both anthracnose incidence and severity.
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Distribution and Importance of Sorghum Anthracnose (Colletotrichum sublineolum) in Southwestern and Western Ethiopia
  •    Distribution and Occurrence of Mango Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloesporioides Penz and Sacc) in Humid Agro-ecology of Southwest Ethiopia
  •    Response to Anthracnose Infection for a Random Selection of Sorghum Germplasm
How to cite this article:

A. Chala, M.B. Brurberg and A.M. Tronsmo, 2010. Incidence and Severity of Sorghum Anthracnose in Ethiopia. Plant Pathology Journal, 9: 23-30.

DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2010.23.30

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ppj.2010.23.30

COMMENTS
29 May, 2011
abduselam:
it is nice and good information for my work i wil continue the next step of ur work thank u
 
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