Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Plant Pathology Journal
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 98-103
DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2008.98.103
Seed-Borne Infection of Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds by Pathogenic Fungi and Their Transmission to Seedlings
I. Somda, J. Sanou and P. Sanon

Abstract:
Seed-borne infection of maize (Zea mays L.) by fungal pathogens was studied using 22 seed samples of maize collected from different locations in Burkina Faso. The moist blotter test was used to detect fungi on seeds. Experiment was also performed on seedlings raised from naturally infected maize seed samples in order to evaluate the transmission of fungi from seeds to seedlings. Ten pathogenic fungi were recorded on seeds and consisted of Acremonium strictum (infection ranging from 2 to 96%), Bipolaris maydis (1 to 30%), Botryodiplodia theobromae (1 to 17%), Colletotrichum graminicola (2 to 8%), Curvularia sp. (1 to 39%), Exserohilum rostratum (1 to 13%), Fusarium moniliforme (38 to 99%), F. equiseti (1 to 15%), F. pallidoroseum (1 to 23%) and Phoma sp. (2 to 50%). Aspergillus flavus (1 to 99%), A. niger (1 to 99%), Cladosporium sp. (1 to 93%), Penicillium sp. (12 to 100%) and Rhizopus sp. (1 to 51%) were the saprophytic fungi detected. Rates of seedling infection by fungal pathogens were low. Seed samples with 30% infection by B. maydis, 8% infection by C. graminicola and 26% infection by Phoma sp. resulted in 2, 2 and 16% leaf infections, respectively.
 [Fulltext PDF]   [Fulltext HTML]   [XML: Abstract + References]   [References]   [View Citation]  [Report Citation]
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Health Status of Farmers’ Saved Seed of Various Paddy Varieties in Haryana, India
How to cite this article:

I. Somda, J. Sanou and P. Sanon, 2008. Seed-Borne Infection of Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds by Pathogenic Fungi and Their Transmission to Seedlings. Plant Pathology Journal, 7: 98-103.

DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2008.98.103

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ppj.2008.98.103

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom