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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 665-670
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.665.670
 
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Association of Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices with Linear Growth of Children under 24 Months in Asia and Africa
Aprilya Roza Werdani and Diah Mulyawati Utari

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is very important for child growth, health and development. The present study was conducted to review previous literature involving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and stunting in order to examine the relationship between eight core indicators of IYCF and child stunting/HAZ in Asia and Africa. Materials and Methods: Online database searching was conducted to obtain studies that examined the association between at least one IYCF indicator and stunting/HAZ in Asia and/or Africa. Significant associations between eight core IYCF indicators and stunting/HAZ in each country were determined. Results: Ten studies conducted in 11 countries (7 in Asia, 4 in Africa) were included for analysis. Exclusive breastfeeding was significantly associated with HAZ in Ethiopia. Continued breastfeeding at 1 year was a stunting risk factor in Rwanda and negatively associated with HAZ in Ethiopia and Zambia. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods was positively associated with HAZ in Bangladesh and Zambia but increased stunting risk in Rwanda. Minimum dietary diversity was a protective factor against stunting in Indonesia and positively associated with HAZ in India, Bangladesh and Zambia. Minimum acceptable diet was positively associated with HAZ in India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Zambia. Conclusion: World Health Organization (WHO) IYCF indicators are useful for measuring the dietary quality of children under 2 years-old and closely related to nutritional status and health.
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How to cite this article:

Aprilya Roza Werdani and Diah Mulyawati Utari, 2019. Association of Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices with Linear Growth of Children under 24 Months in Asia and Africa. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 18: 665-670.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.665.670

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2019.665.670

 
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