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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 479-490
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.479.490
 
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Analysis of Factors Affecting Cocoa Development in Southeast Sulawesi
Laode Geo and Haji Saediman

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Cocoa production in Southeast Sulawesi experienced tremendous growth at the beginning of the 1980s but since the late 1990s, cocoa productivity, quality and consistency have deteriorated due to a combination of various factors. This study aimed to assess factors affecting cocoa development in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: Data and information were collected using desk study, questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Respondents consisted of smallholder farmers, local collectors, processing and trading companies, decision makers and researchers. Data were analyzed using the SWOT-AHP (Strength-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat-Analytical Hierarchy Process) method. Results: The weaknesses group obtained the highest priority, followed by the threats, opportunities and strengths groups. The analysis provided the most influential factors from each group. Among 32 factors identified, “pest and disease attack” was rated as the most influential factor, whereas “availability of production input” was the lowest rated. Conclusion: The SWOT-AHP approach has proven useful for identifying and quantifying the relative significance of factors affecting cocoa development. The dominance of negative factors indicated the seriousness of the challenges facing the cocoa subsector, so adopted strategies should aim first at addressing weaknesses and threats while maximizing opportunities and strengths to ensure the sustainability of the cocoa subsector in the province.
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How to cite this article:

Laode Geo and Haji Saediman, 2019. Analysis of Factors Affecting Cocoa Development in Southeast Sulawesi. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 18: 479-490.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.479.490

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2019.479.490

 
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