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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 8-14
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.8.14
Nutritional Status and Food Pyramid Knowledge Among Royal Malaysia Police Personnel in Selangor, Malaysia
Nur Izzatun Nasriah Nasruddin, Razalee Sedek and Saiful Irwan Zubairi

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Various studies on nutritional status and nutrition knowledge have been widely reported but studies involving royal Malaysia police (RMP) are very limited. The purpose of the study was to evaluate physical characteristics and body composition of RMP personnel, to determine level of food pyramid knowledge and to identify relationship between socio-demographic and physical characteristics with food pyramid knowledge. Materials and Methods: A total of 286 male RMP personnel were randomly selected from a district police headquarter in Selangor. Anthropometric measurements involved height, weight, waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI). Body fat and fat mass were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis method. Questionnaire was used to assess the food pyramid knowledge. Results: This study showed that 33.6% subjects had normal BMI, 44.4% were overweight and 22.0% were obese. About 50.7% subjects had WC value of 90 cm or more and 78.3% subjects had high body fat. The mean food pyramid knowledge score was 56.8±11.9% corresponding to a moderate level of knowledge. Inverse correlation between food pyramid knowledge with age (r = -0.173, p<0.05) and duration of services (r = -0.160, p<0.05) was reported while positive correlation was observed between food pyramid knowledge and BMI (r = 0.124, p<0.05). Conclusion: Majority of the RMP personnel were having high BMI, high WC and high body fat percentage. Level of food pyramid knowledge was moderate among the RMP personnel. Nutritional education and fitness program should be incorporated in the RMP to optimize their health and knowledge.
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How to cite this article:

Nur Izzatun Nasriah Nasruddin, Razalee Sedek and Saiful Irwan Zubairi, 2018. Nutritional Status and Food Pyramid Knowledge Among Royal Malaysia Police Personnel in Selangor, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 17: 8-14.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.8.14

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2018.8.14

 
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