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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 399-404
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.399.404
 
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Production and Quality of Etawa Raw Milk Using Palm Oil Industry Waste and Paitan Plants as an Early Feed

Arief , Elihasridas , Simel Somen, Elly Roza, Roni Pazla and Rizqan

Abstract:
Objective: The aim of this research was to determine the influence of palm oil industry by-products (palm kernel cake and palm oil sludge) and Paitan (Tithonia diversifolia, TD) as roughage on the production and quality of Etawa crossbreed (EC) goat milk. Materials and Methods: Eighteen EC dairy goats on their second lactation month were used in this study. This study utilized a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) that consisted of 6 treatments and 3 replicates. The treatments were as follows: (A) 50% roughage+50% soybean meal waste (SMW)+0% palm oil concentrate (POC), (B) 50% TD+50% SMW+0% POC, (C) 50% TD+37.5% SMW+12.5% POC, (D) 50% TD+25% SMW+25% POC, (E) 50% TD+12.5% SMW+37.5% POC and (F) 50% TD+0% SMW+50% POC. The variables observed in this study were the production and quality of Etawa crossbreed milk (protein and lactose). Results: Results showed a milk production rate (1.44-1.85 kg/head/day) with a milk protein concentration (3.48-3.76%) and a lactose concentration (4.01- 4.16%). Using palm oil industry by-products and TD as an early feed can significantly increase milk production (p<0.01), but there was no effect on milk quality (p<0.05). Conclusion: The TD and palm oil industry by-products can be used as an alternative feed for animals. The optimal feed for dairy goats was 50% TD+25% SMW+25% POS (treatment D).
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Ration Digestibility Based on Palm Oil Industry Byproducts, Tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) and Corn Waste for Etawa Crossbred Dairy Goat
  •    Populations of Rumen Microbes and the In vitro Digestibility of Fermented Oil Palm Fronds in Combination with Tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) and Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum)
How to cite this article:

Arief , Elihasridas , Simel Somen, Elly Roza, Roni Pazla and Rizqan , 2018. Production and Quality of Etawa Raw Milk Using Palm Oil Industry Waste and Paitan Plants as an Early Feed. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 17: 399-404.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.399.404

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2018.399.404

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