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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 311-318
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.311.318
Nutritional Status of the Temiar Orang Asli Community in Kuala Betis, Gua Musang, Kelantan
Mohd Adzim Khalili Rohin , Azizul Fadzli Wan Jusoh @Ab Rahim, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Aniza Abd Aziz, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Rosliza Yahaya, Norhaslinda Ridzwan, Mimie Noratiqah Jumli and Sakinah Harun

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The Temiar are one of the most flexible sub-tribes of Orang Asli in Malaysia and readily adapting to government policies and an urban lifestyle within the villages and cities to which they have been relocated. Such changes can also cause nutritional alterations which affect health. The present study assessed the nutritional status of the relocated Temiar Orang Asli community in Gua Musang, Kelantan, Malaysia. Methodology: A group of 58 adults was screened to participate in this study. The anthropometric assessments included height, weight, body mass index (kg m–2), body fat analysis (%), Mid Upper Arm Circumference (cm) (MUAC) and Waist Circumference (cm) (WC) were determined. Dietary intake was estimated using data from surveys of self-reported 24-h diet recall across 3 days and data were analyzed using Nutri Pro software and SPSS version 20.0. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 36.69±1.28 years. Overall, 9% of the respondents were underweight, 40% fell within the normal range, 28% were overweight and 23% were obese. The majority of the respondents (84%) had a normal WC, 16% were at risk of comorbidities and increased abdominal fat. Based on MUAC, 98% of the respondents had normal nutrition. However, 41% had very high, 28% had high, 29% had normal and 2% had low body fat analysis (BFA) levels. The mean of energy (kcal) of the respondents was 1219.10±423.93, the mean carbohydrate (g) level was 186.42±137.73, the mean protein (g) level was 50.64±2.12 and the mean fat (g) level was 40.55±1.89. Conclusion: The incidence of overweight/obese individuals prominently increased in both men and women according to body mass indices and body fat percentages compared to a previous study.
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How to cite this article:

Mohd Adzim Khalili Rohin, Azizul Fadzli Wan Jusoh @Ab Rahim, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Aniza Abd Aziz, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Rosliza Yahaya, Norhaslinda Ridzwan, Mimie Noratiqah Jumli and Sakinah Harun, 2018. Nutritional Status of the Temiar Orang Asli Community in Kuala Betis, Gua Musang, Kelantan. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 17: 311-318.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.311.318

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2018.311.318

 
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